1. Introduction*ICOMOS, the International Council on Monuments and Sites, is an association ofprofessionals throughout the world that currently bring together over 8.000 members.ICOMOS works for the conservation and protection of cultural heritage places. It isthe only global non-government organisation of this kind, which is dedicated topromoting the application of theory, methodology, and scientific techniques to theconservation of the architectural and archaeological heritage. Its work is based onthe principles enshrined in the 1964 International Charter on the Conservation andRestoration of Monuments and Sites (the Venice Charter).ICOMOS is a network of experts that benefits from the interdisciplinary exchange ofits members, among which are architects, historians, archaeologists, art historians,geographers, anthropologists, engineers and town planners.The members of ICOMOS contribute to improving the preservation of heritage, thestandards and the techniques for each type of cultural heritage property: buildings,historic cities, cultural landscapes and archaeological sites.ICOMOS is named in the 1972 UNESCO Convention concerning the Protection ofthe World Cultural and Natural Heritage (the World Heritage Convention) as one ofthe three advisory bodies, with IUCN and ICCROM, to the World Heritage Committee.It is the professional and scientific advisor to the Committee on all aspects of thecultural heritage.As such, ICOMOS is responsible for the evaluation of all nominations made to theWorld Heritage List by States Parties to the Convention against the criteria of outstandinguniversal value, authenticity, management, and conservation laid down bythe World Heritage Committee. This involves consultation of the wide range of expertiserepresented by its membership and its National and International Committees,as well as the many other specialist networks with which it is linked. Expertmissions are also sent to carry out on-site evaluations. This extensive consultationresults in the preparation of detailed recommendations that are submitted to theWorld Heritage Committee at its annual meetings.